The Kratom tree was first documented by the Dutch botanist Pieter Korthal who gave it the botanical name Mitragyna Speciosa. It is of the Rubiaceae family and is native in South East Asia, particularly Thailand, Malaysia, Burneo and New Guinea. The tree grows to a height of 12- 30 feet and a width of about 15 feet. It has dark green oval leaves which can be 7 inches long and 4 inches wide. Kratom shades or grows leaves depending on the season. During the dry season the leaves fall and in the wet season leaves grow abundantly. It has clustered yellow flowers, and throughout its flowering stage, the florets are completely covered and surrounded by overlapping bracteoles.
Traditionally, the leaves of Kratom have been used for medical purposes in South East Asia for centuries. The leaves were boiled and used as a beverage. They were also used to treat a number of diseases such as diarrhea, depression, Diabetes mellitus, anxiety, to aid in sleep, and in some instances as a sexual enhancer. Kratom has for long been used to treat drug dependence and addiction. It was used to rehabilitate patients suffering from opiates dependence. The withdrawal symptoms of opiates can be very dangerous and Kratom is very effective in combating opium addition by providing relief when patients experience withdrawal symptoms. Traditionally, Kratom was used by Thai farmers, peasants and laborers to stimulate the body and thus boost activity. They used Kratom to overcome the burden of the heavy work and their meager existences.
Research is being conducted on the medical uses of Kratom, generally by those who found kratom for sale online. Studies have established that it can improve sleep and calm the mind. In New Zealand it has been used for methadone addiction and the National Institute of Thai Medicine has recommended its use for treating both opiate addicts and people suffering from depression. Common medical uses of Kratom include: Lowering blood pressure; Aimalacine, a compound in Kratom works as an anti- hypertensive and is commonly used in the treatment of hypertension. Anti-depressant; studies show that Mitragynine, a Kratom derivative has anti-depressant qualities and effects. Clinical research has proven that Kratom leaves are effective in the treatment of depression. Anti-Oxidant; Kratom has been found to be a powerful anti-oxidant. Anti-oxidants combat harmful free radicals which are a major factor in the development of chronic diseases like cancer, gout, cardiac stroke and neurodegenerative diseases. The treatment of opium addiction; It has been proven to be effective in fighting opiate dependence and addiction.
The chemical composition of Kratom makes it unique. It is stimulating in lower dosages and in larger doses it acts as a sedative. The stimulating properties can boost alertness, energy levels, sociability, improve mood and in some instances increase libido. As a sedative it has analgesic effects which subdue physical and emotional sensitivity. As a sedative it is used to treat depression, anxiety and insomnia.
Media coverage about Kratom has been negative and as a result authorities in many countries have criminalized the plant. Scientific evidence available proves that Kratom has no harmful effects and is totally safe. Criminalization of Kratom has been pursued mainly for economic reasons. Law enforcement agencies in a number of countries have copied Thailand and banned the plant. The Thai government banned the plant in the 1940s, but since 2010, it has admitted that the ban was completely unjustified and was informed by economic considerations. The Transnational Institute, a prestigious institution in Thailand, has demanded for the legalization of Kratom to enable research on the benefits of the tree, especially Kratom’s effect in treating alcoholism and drug addiction. Studies are also in progress in other countries including in the US, Denmark, Australia and Malaysia, on the properties and effects of Kratom